In this talk a brief overview of radiation detectors exploiting the LHC machine at CERN will be given. Given the impetus of the LHC, R&D on instrumentation has come a long way and detectors initially proposed for LHC have been successfully refined for use in other fields: medical imaging, single photon detection, neutron and crystal diffraction studies, space research and so on. The state-of-the-art will be reviewed with a focus on gaseous detectors.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Archana Sharma is a senior staff scientist at the CERN Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. She has been active in the field since 1989 mainly working on instrumentation especially gaseous detectors for radiation. She is the pioneer of simulations and experimentation on wire chambers, resistive plate chambers and micro-pattern gaseous detectors over last three decades. Following a graduate degree in Physics from BHU Varanasi, Archana received her Ph.D. from Delhi University in 1989 followed by a D.Sc from the University of Geneva, in 1996. Sharma also earned an executive MBA degree from the International University in Geneva in 2001. She is an internationally recognized expert who has worked on several CERN experiments both on R&D being involved in designing and prototyping, and on running laboratories for construction, installation and commissioning of large scale gaseous detectors. Dr. Sharma's publications, review articles and book: a special volume on Instrumentation on Particle Physics edited by her are widely referred to and cited. Since 2001, Prof. Sharma has led the construction of gaseous detectors and upgrades on the CMS experiment and is well known for incessantly mentoring students into professionals. She is the co-owner of patent on a family of timing and high rate capable devices. She is an IEEE Senior, recognition from the International Institute of Electronics and Engineers where she also served several terms on the Transnational Committee, encouraging participation in this field from Asia. Sharma has served on numerous committees and plays a vital role in advisory review boards for leading International Conferences, Publications and Symposia in the field. Archana is an examiner for European Commission Horizon 2020 projects and for some pertinent national funding agencies. Dr. Sharma has been on board as honorary Adjunct professor in several institutions where she teaches regularly courses on gaseous detectors and their applications in high energy physics and in other fields like medical imaging and diagnostics, astronomy, space and PET. She has been very actively facilitating knowledge exchange and capacity building in the science and technology sector exploiting her mandate in the International Committee and the Career Committees of CMS experiment. Prof. Sharma is the author and co-author of over 500 publications and is invited regularly for talks in international conferences and public addresses in various science and technology events. She has collaborated with events at the ILO Geneva and communication. Archana has been conferred with many prestigious awards and medals from NGO's in India. She has appeared on BBC and CNN on several occasions and is frequently cited in the national media and printed press in India. Last but not least, since 2015, Sharma also runs an NGO called Life Lab Education And Research Foundation with the main objective to create partnerships with educational institutions for the benefit of the underprivileged and contribute to capacity building in India.