Fundamentals of Spectroscopy:
Electromagnetic spectrum, quantization of energy levels and regions of the spectrum resolution, line width and intensity. Basic principles and selected applications of: 1. Atomic spectroscopy : Absorption and emission types ? analysis of atomic constituents of a sample. Qualitative and quantitative analysis. Flame and plasma ionization, sources of atomic spectra, atomic absorption and fluorescence emission, identification of atomic spectral lines. 2. Microwave spectroscopy : Rotational energy levels of diatomic molecules, energy levels of spherical and symmetric tops, moment of inertia, calculations of bond lengths and bond angles of simple triatomic molecules. 3. Vibrational spectroscopy: IR and Raman spectroscopy: Harmonic oscillator, anharmonicity (Morse oscillator), normal modes of vibration, functional group identification, Raman effect, Stokes and anti-Stokes phenomena, selection rules for IR and Raman spectra, structure determination. 4. UV-Visible and Fluorescence spectroscopy: Electronic transitions, Franck-Condon Principle, spin and angular momenta, Term symbols, Beer-Lambert law, Jablonski diagram, excited state lifetime. 5. Electron spectroscopy of solids and surfaces: Photoemission, X-ray and UV photoemission spectroscopy, interpretation of photoelectron spectrum, Koopman?s Theorem, chemical shift. 6. NMR spectroscopy: Nuclear spin, gyromagnetic ratio, Larmor Frequency, chemical-shifts, anisotropic effects, spin-spin coupling, coupling constants, structure elucidation using 1H-NMR. 7. ESR spectroscopy: Electron spin, g-factor, hyperfine structure, applications in free radical. 8. Mossbauer spectroscopy: Nuclear transitions, resonant absorption, recoilless emission, isomer shift and quadrupole splitting .
1. Fundamentals of molecular spectroscopy, C. N. Banwell, E. M. McCash and H. K. Choudhury (5th Edition, 2013, Tata McGraw Hill) 2. Spectroscopy, D. L. Pavia, G. M. Lampman, G. S. Kriz, J.R. Vyvyan (1st Indian Edition 2007, Cengage Learning), 4thEdition, 2012. 3. Principles of Instrumental Analysis, D. A. Skoog, J. L. Leary (4 th Edition, 1992,Saunders College Publishing), 6th Edition, 2014. 4. Physical Chemistry, P. W. Atkins, J. De Paula (10th Edition, 2014, Oxford University Press) .